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Core Program
Virginia Sea Grant funds research projects relating to economic leadership and coastal ecosystems, with a focus on revitalizing commercial fisheries, developing sustainable aquaculture, improving seafood safety and technology, and maintaining ecosystem health. Abstracts are linked to the project title.

R/A-38. Modification of aquaculture vaccines for oral administration. Steven Smith, S.D. Holladay, M.W. Nolan (Va Tech)
R/CF-48. Characterization of the sub-population contribution of age-0 Atlantic menhaden to Chesapeake Bay. Jason Schaffler, Cynthia Jones (Old Dominion University)
R/CF-49. Quantitative valuation of nursery habitats for the blue crab. Rom Lipcius, John Hoenig, R. Orth, S. Schreiber, R. Seitz, J. van Montfrans (VIMS)
R/CM-27. Evaluation of nursery habitats: effects of carbon and nitrogen sources on juvenile fish growth. Cynthia Jones, R. Dias (Old Dominion University)
R/CM-28. Dynamics of ichthyoplankton ingress from the coastal ocean into Chesapeake and Delaware Bays: comparing spatio-temporal concordance and transport mechanisms. John Olney, John Brubaker (VIMS) (Regional project co-funded by Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware Sea Grant Programs)
R/SP-20. Develop, evaluate and characterize different package types on the quality, shelf life and market accepability of pasteurized and fresh crab meat. Michael Jahncke, Robert Lane, Dan Kauffman, Helen Sutton (Va Tech)

R/A-36. Examination of the potential for vertical and horizontal transmission of the oyster herpes virus from Crassostrea ariakensis broodstock. Kimberly Reece, Ryan Carnegie (VIMS)
R/A-37. Infectivity and transmissibility to Crassostrea ariakensis of pathogenic Bonamia sp. from Ostrea equestris: evaluation of crested oysters as a parasite reservoir. Ryan Carnegie, Corrine Audemard, Eugene Burreson (VIMS)
R/CF-44. Blue crab reproduction: changes in age and size at maturity and size fecundity relationships in a reduced population. John McConaugha (ODU)
R/CF-45. Chesapeake Bay mycobacteriosis: should we care? John Hoenig, Wolfgang Vogelbein (VIMS)
R/CF-46. Managing flounder openings for maximum revenue. Daniel Kauffman, Christina Hilmer (Va Tech)
R/CF-47. How do changes in physical conditions and megalopae behavior affect blue crab recruitment variability in Chesapeake and Delaware Bays? Arnoldo Valle-Levinson (ODU), Elizabeth North (UMD), William Boicourt (UMD), Michael Roman (UMD), Richard Garvine (UDE), Charles Epifanio (UDE)
R/SP-18. Sensory, chemical and microbiological analyses and workshops addressing quality and decomposition characteristics of domestic and imported crab meat. Michael Jahncke, Robert Lane, Helen Sutton (Va Tech)
R/SP-19. The effect of high hydrostatic pressure processing on microbial quality, shelf life extension, drip loss, and physical characteristics of oysters (C. virginica and C. ariakensis). George Flick, Stephanie Penn (Va Tech)

R/A-34. Estimating carrying capacity and influence on water quality for large-scale clam aquaculture. Mark Luckenbach, Harry Wang (VIMS)
R/A-35. Molecular marker-informed walk back selection for QPX resistance in hard clams, Mercenaria mercenaria. Ryan Carnegie, Kimberly Reece (VIMS)
R/CF-42. How essential fish habitat influences population structure for spotted seatrout, Cynoscion nebulosus, with special emphasis in Chesapeake Bay. Cynthia Jones, Zhongxing Chen (ODU), Jaques van Montfrans (VIMS)
R/CF-43. Natal-river to estuary migration of american shad: estimating the value of essential rearing habitat and identifying potential population bottlenecks during year-one. John Olney, Joel Hoffman (VIMS)
R/SP-17. Use of high hydrostatic pressure treatments to eliminate vegetative pathogens in fresh crab meat and spores and spore forming pathogens in fresh crab meat and shrimp. Michael Jahncke, George Flick (Va Tech)

R/A-33. Analysis of genetic variation in Crassostrea ariakensis: evaluation of germplasm resources for broodstock development. Kimberly Reece, Standish Allen (VIMS)
R/CF-37. Locating essential fish habitat for spotted seatrout, Cynoscion nebulosus, in Virginia. Robyn Hannigan, Cynthia Jones, Simon Thorrold (ODU)
R/CF-38. Reducing the mortality of horseshoe crabs in the biomedical industry's bleeding process. Jim Berkson, Stephen Smith (Va Tech)
R/CF-39 Developing, assessing and managing a fishery for cownose ray, Rhinoptera bonasus, in Chesapeake Bay. John Hoenig (VIMS)
R/CF-40. Oyster larvae and recruitment: the paradox of turbidity, salinity and larval feeding conditions. Roger Mann (VIMS), Roger Newell (UMD)
R/CF-41. An experimental evaluation of the effects of scale on oyster reef restoration. Mark Luckenbach, Francis O’Beirn, John Brubaker (VIMS)
R/SP-16. The effects of conventional and alternative processing operations on the presence and publich health significance of Cryptosporidium parvum in Eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica). George Flick (Va Tech), D. Lindsay, Stephen Smith, R. Croonenberghs, R. Fayer

R/A-30. Risk and opportunity assessment for Crassostrea ariakensis aquaculture in Virginia. Standish Allen (VIMS), Eric Hallerman (Va Tech), William DuPaul (VIMS)
R/A-31. Development of DNA-based molecular techniques for the diagnosis of QPX, quahog parasite unkonwn, a pathogen of the hard clam Mercenaria mercenaria. Lisa Ragone Calvo, Nancy Stokes, Eugene Burreson (VIMS)
R/A-32. Evaluation of an oxidizer on water quality, water chemistry and pathogens in a summer flounder (Paralichthys dentatus) intensive recirculating system. Michael Schwarz, Michael Jahncke, George Libey (Va Tech)
R/CM-26. Synergistic interactions between submerged aquatic vegetation and clam aquaculture. Kenneth Moore, Iris Anderson, Robert Neikirk (VIMS)
R/CO-3. Nutrient fluxes through the Chesapeake Bay mouth. Arnoldo Valle-Levinson (ODU), Louis Codispoti (UMD), Larry Atkinson (ODU)
R/CF-36. Resolving stock structure and age-specific migrations of Atlantic coast weakfish (Cynoscion regalis) using chemical signatures in otoliths. Simon Thorrold, Cynthia Jones (ODU)
R/SP-14. Identification of Listeria monocytogenes serovars in blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) processing facilities and development of sanitary standard operating procedures for their control or elimination. George Flick, Stephen Boyle, Michael Jahncke (Va Tech), R. Croonenberghs (FDA)

Program Development

A/MG-07-03. Virginia Aquaculture Conference. M. Oesterling (VIMS)
A/MG-07-04. Species of special concern teacher workshop: Atlantic sturgeon. L. Lawrence (VIMS)
A/MG-07-05. Economics of ecosystem based fisheries management workshop. J Kirkely, T. Murray (VIMS), D. Lipton (UMD)
R/MG-07-01. Development and validation of a quantitative assay for vitellogenin in Atlantic sturgeon. P. Van Veld (VIMS)
R/MG-07-02. Inherent thermal tolerance in protection of disease-resistat C. virginica stocks form summer mortality caused by thermal stresses: a preliminary investigation. F-L Chu, E. Lund (VIMS)
R/MG-07-03. Application of new molecular tools to identify sources of pathogenic Mycobacterium spp. In the environment. D. Gautheir, W.Voeglbein, K. Reece (VIMS)
R/MG-07-04. Develop and evaluate a monoclonal antibody for rapid detection of male-specfic coliphage. H. Kator, S.Kaatarri (VIMS)
R/MG-07-05. Bioavailability of effluent organic nitrogen in Virginia coastal waters. D. Bronk (VIMS)
R/MG-07-06. Linking spatial distributions in submerged aquatic vegetation with CO2 flux. S. McCallister (VCU)
R/MG-07-07. Mid-infrared spectral characteristics of seafood and its potential pathogenic and chemical contaminants. K. Mallikarjunan, M. Jahncke (Va Tech)
Producing DHA-rich algae from biodiesel derived-crude glycerol: effects of impurities on the algal biomass composition. Z. Wen (Va Tech)
R/MG-06-01. Preliminary investigations into the culture feasibility of the northern puffer (Sphoeroides maculatus). M. Oesterling (VIMS)
A/MG-06-02. Regional workshop on cownose ray issues and identifying research and extension needs. R. Fisher (VIMS)
A/MG-06-03. Working waterways and waterfronts: a national symposium on water access.T. Murray (VIMS)
R/MG-05-02. Evaluation of cownose rays as shellfish predators in Chesapeake Bay. J. Harding, R. Mann (VIMS)
R/MG-05-03. Use of an electronic nose to measure quality attributes of scallops. M. Jahncke (Va Tech)
A/MG-05-03. Assessment of implementation of water quality BMPs at marinas in Virginia’s coastal zone. T. Murray (VIMS)
Optimization of cobia fingerling production. S. Craig, M. Schwarz (Va Tech)
R/MG-04-01. Cobia fingerling production optimization. M. Schwarz (Va Tech)
R/MG-04-03. Cobia mycobacteriosis analysis. H. Kator, M. Oesterling (VIMS)
R/MG-03-01. Screening Crassostrea ariakensis for herpes virus and Perkinsus spp. infections. K Reece (VIMS)
R/MG-03-03. Smart growth in Virginia's coastal zone: opportunities and obstacles. T. Beatley (UVA)
R/MG-03-04. Evaluation of the potential for transfer of QPX via seaside to bayside clam transplantations. L. Calvo (VIMS)
R/MG-03-05. Hard clam aquaculture industry analysis. T. Murray (VIMS)
R/MG-03-06. Determination of the natural host for Bonamia sp. in North Carolina and evaluation of the potential for infection of Crassostrea ariakensis in Virginia. R. Carnegie, E. Burreson (VIMS)
R/MG-02-02. Parasites and pathogens of Crassostrea ariakensis in Chesapeake Bay. E. Burreson, H. Kator (VIMS)
R/MG-01-01. Flagellate infection of hard clam larvae. E. Burreson (VIMS)
R/MG-00-01. Lipofuscin technique for aging horseshoe crabs. J. McConaugha (ODU)
R/MG-00-02. Acoustic screen for control of non-indigenous species in ballast water. F. Dobbs (ODU)
R/MG-00-03. Sensory studies for blue crab meat products. M. Jahncke (Va Tech)
R/MG-00-04. Virginia recreational boating infrastructure survey. T. Murray (VIMS)
R/MG-00-05. Extended research on alternative bait for the whelk fishery. R. Fisher (VIMS)
R/MG-00-06. Spatial framework for natural resource management. C. Jones, S. Thorrold (ODU)
R/MG-00-07. Survey of stakeholder perceptions of the blue crab fishery. R. Collins (UVA, emeritus)
R/MG-00-08. Safety of refrigerated raw and fully cooked batter and breaded fish portions. M. Jahncke (Va Tech)
R/MG-00-09. Pharmacokinetics of oxytetracycline in cultured summer flounder at different salinities. S. Smith (Va Tech)
R/MG-00-10, 03-02, 04-02. Historical oyster reef charting. Part 1-2-3. W. Hargis (VIMS)

National Strategic Investments , 1999-present

Oyster Disease Research Program

VA-OD-07-01. Evaluation of the health and reproductive status of older, post-market size Crassostrea virginica as a key to Perkinsus marinus resistance in natural oyster populations. R. Carnegie (VIMS).
VA-OD-07-02. The influence of disease on oyster generation time and and implications for fecundity and habitat maintenance. E. Hofmann (ODU)
VA-OD-05-06. Beyond CROSBreed II: 2005 — Quantitative genetic, family-based selective breeding for joint resistance to Dermo and MSX diseases in eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica. Lionel Degremont, Standish Allen, Eugene Burreson (VIMS)
VA- OD-05-05. Development of a chemotheraputic protocol for elimination and/or reducing Perkinsus marinus from infected oysters. Fu-Lin Chu, Eric Lund (VIMS)
VA-OD-01-03 . Shell disease of Crassostrea virginica and Crassostrea ariakensis. Robert Fisher, H. Kator, J. Shields (VIMS)
VA-OD-04-03 Competitive interactions between Crassostrea virginica and Crassostrea ariakensis. Mark Luckenbach, E. Burreson (VIMS)
VA-OD-02-03. Beyond CROSBreed: Line expansion and dessemination of stocks for joint resistance to Dermo and MSX diseases in the eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica. Standish Allen (VIMS), G. DeBrosse (Rutgers), D. Meritt (UMD)
VA-OD-03-03. Beyond CROSBreed II: A quantitative genetic, family-based selective breeding strategy for joint resistance to Dermo and MSX diseases in the eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica. Standish Allen, K. Reece, L. Ragone, G. Calvo; E. Burreson (VIMS)
VA-OD-01-01 . Synthesis of ODRP and GOIP results and impacts. W. Rickards (UVA)
VA-OD-01-03. Induction of potential pathological states in Perkinsus marinus by exposure to oyster tissue extracts. Modulation of cell morphology and protease/antigen production. S. Kaattari, K. Reece, E. Burreson (VIMS)
VA-OD-01-04. Infectivity, pathogenicity, and epizootiology of the clam parasites Perkinsus chesapeaki and Perkinsus andrewsi in Chesapeake Bay oysters: have we been misinterpreting Perkinsus marinus epizootiology? E. Burreson (VIMS), C. Dungan (MD DNR), K. Reece (VIMS), N. Stokes (VIMS)
VA-OD-01-05. Evaluation of inherent and induced thermal tolerance in protection of oyster populations from summer mortality caused by Dermo and MSX parasitism and thermal stress. Fu-Lin Chu (VIMS), R. Tjeerdema (UC-Davis)
VA-OD-01-06. Elucidating the life cycle of Haplosporidium nelsoni (MSX) using an experimental approach and molecular diagnostics. E. Burreson, L. Calvo, N. Stokes (VIMS)
VA-OD-01-07. Cooperative regional oyster selective breeding (CROSBreed) project: comprehensive strategy for genetic rehabilitation and conservation of oysters. Standish Allen (VIMS), K. Reece (VIMS), E. Burreson (VIMS), M. Luckenbach (VIMS), M. Camera (VIMS), P. Gaffney (UDE), K. Paynter (UMD), D. Meritt (UMD), X. Guo (Rutgers), G.Debrosse (Rutgers).
VA-OD-99-2. Cooperative regional oyster selective breeding (CROSBreed) project: potential of selected stocks for restoration and extensive planting. Standish Allen (VIMS), E. Burreson (VIMS), M. Luckenbach (VIMS), P. Gaffney (UDE), K. Paynter (UMD), D. Merritt (UMD), X. Guo (Rutgers), G. DeBrosse (Rutgers)R/MG-00-07.
VA-OD-99-3. Comparison of physiological condition and defense mechanisms among Eastern oyster populations with natural Dermo resistance. Fu-Lin Chu (VIMS), S. Allen, J. LaPeyre
VA-OD-99-1 Modeling the effects of climate variability on the prevalence and intensity of dermo and MSX diseases in eastern oyster populations. E. Hofmann (ODU), J. Klinck (ODU), E. Burreson (VIMS)
VA-OD-99-5. Development of a moderate density linkage map of the Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica): identification of disease-resistant genes. Kimberly Reece (VIMS), P. Gaffney (UDE)
VA-OD-99-6. Comparative examination of biochemical correlates of disease resistance in selectively bred Crassostrea virginica and Crassostrea ariakensis. Gustavo Calvo, Stephen Kaattari (VIMS)

Gulf Oyster Industry Program

VA-GOIP-07-01. The use of high hydrostatic pressure to inactivate Vibrio prahaemolyticus in Gulf Coast oysters. D. Holluman (Va Tech)
VA-GOIP-07-02. The effect of freezing temperatures and times on the inactivation of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Gulf Coast oysters (Crassostrea virginica). D. Holliman (Va Tech)
VA-GOIP-05-01. The use of high hydrostatic pressure to inactivate hepatitis A and hepatitis E in Gulf Coast oysters (Crassostrea virginica). Laura Douglas, Daniel Holliman, XJ Meng (Va Tech)
VA-GOIP-01-03. Application of electronic nose for quality assessment of oysters. Kumar Mallikarjunan (Va Tech)
VA-GI-99-1. Development of processing procedures for oyster products to inactivate Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus in raw oysters. Kumar Mallikarjunan (Va Tech), M. Jahncke (Va Tech), S. Duncan (Va Tech), DE Farkas, R. Grodner, L. Andrews

Aquatic Nuisance Species/ Ballast Water

VA-BWT-01-01. Ballast residuals in NOBOB (NO Ballast On Board) vessels in Chesapeake Bay: their biological and chemical characterization and a comparison with patterns in Great Lakes. Fred Dobbs (ODU), Lisa Drake (ODU), M. Doblin (ODU), T. Johengen, H. MacIsaac, P. Jenkins
VA-ANS-01-01. Aquatic nuisance species invasions: ecological and commercial impact, and control of the non-indigenous marine gastropod Rapana venosa. Roger Mann, Julianna Harding (VIMS)
VA-ANS-01-02. Aquatic nuisance species: abundance of microorganisms and pathogens associated with biofilms inside ballast-water tanks and their capacity to act as 'vertical seed banks. Lisa Drake (ODU), Fred Dobbs (ODU), M. Doblin (ODU), A. Meyer, R. Baier, WP Johnson
VA-ANS-01-03. Abiotic resistance, plasmids, and the potential for horizontal gene transfer in Vibrio cholerae found in ships' ballast water. F. Dobbs (ODU), W. Hynes
VA-NI-99-3. Aquatic nuiscance species research and outreach: Current distribution, potential range expansion, and ecological and commercial impact, and control of the nonindigenous marine gastropod Rapana venosa. Roger Mann, John Graves, Juliana Harding (VIMS)

Essential Fish Habitat

VA-EFH-00-02. Identifying larval sources and essential fish habitat of juvenile snappers along the southeastern coast of the United States. Simon Thorrold (VIMS), Cynthia Jones, (ODU) Luiz Barbieri (FL Fish and Wildlife Research Institute), Robert Cowen (U Miami), Su Sponagle (U Miami), Jonathan Hare (NOAA)
VA-EFH-00-01. Fisheries habitat: spatial dynamics and the protection of critical habitats to conserve spawning stock and recruitment in exploited marine species with complex life cycles. Rom Lipcius (VIMS), Harry Wang (VIMS), J. van Montfrans (VIMS), R. Seitz (VIMS), A. Hines (SERC), A. Valle-Levinson (ODU), T. Miller (UMD), M. Fogarty, Michael (NOAA), L. Marshall

Aquaculture Technology

VA-T-99-3. Captive spawning, larval and early juvenile culture of Cobia (Rachycentron canadum). Michael Oesterling, Jeffrey Tellock (VIMS)
VA-T-00-01. A national planning effort to further national marine recirculating aquaculture. George Flick (Va Tech)


VA-T-01-01. Development of image processing algorithms for identification and quantification of biological targets detected by side-scan sonar: applications to fisheries stock assessments from robotic platforms. Mark Patterson, Zia-ur Rahman, Roger Mann (VIMS)
VA-T-01-02. Enhancing the remediation of TBT contaminated wastewaters through mechanistic investigations and treatment development. Michael Unger, Gary Schafran (VIMS)

Marine Aquaculture

VA-A-01-01. An integrated approach to the development of Cobia (Rachycentron canadum) culture in the United States. William DuPaul, Michael Oesterling, Fu-Lin Chu (VIMS)
VA-A-01-02, 02-02. Determination of dietary requirements and their effects on immune status for cultured summer flounder. Michael Schwarz, Michael Jahncke, S. Smith (Va Tech)

Virginia Sea Grant • Virginia Institute of Marine Science
P.O. Box 1346 • Gloucester Point, VA 23062 • 804-684-7164 • 804-684-7161 (fax)