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Geology

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Marine Geological Discoveries
This site by a Norwegian researcher features descriptions of marine geological formations: pockmarks, mud volcanoes, deep-water coral reefs, and gas hydrates. Using ROV technology, he has taken photos of these deep seafloor features, and compares them to geological structures seen on land, and even on the moon.
Grade Level: Middle school, High school

New Millennium Observatory (NeMO) Curriculum
Classroom activities based on how scientists study active volcanoes on the deep ocean floor. Activities include: locating an earthquake epicenter, recording geological and biological information during an ocean floor traverse, creating cross-section profiles of the ocean floor, and graphing seafloor data. Resources include videos and teacher guides.
Grade Level: High school, Graduate or professional

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution's Coastal Ocean Topics
COI strives to translate the results of basic coastal research for citizens and policymakers, while providing a solid information base for better resource management. This site provides information on a multitude of coastal issues including natural hazards, such as tsunamis and hurricanes, moving shorelines, coastal pollution, fisheries and coastal resources, waves, tides, currents, groundwater. Most topics feature more specific sub-topics which include Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution literature concerning the issue.
Grade Level: High school, Undergraduate lower division, Undergraduate upper division, Graduate or professional, General public

Marine Geology & Geophysics Images
Excellent images of ocean topography, continental margins, crustal age, Great Lakes bathymetry, plus images of available posters and slide sets. Downloadable animations also available. Links to other NOAA resources.
Grade Level: High school, Graduate or professional

Ocean Planet: Sea Secrets
Unit from Smithsonian multidisciplinary ocean curriculum. Lesson plan focuses on ocean bottom features including continental shelf, deep ocean plain, and mid-ocean ridges. Students study the discovery and mapping of seafloor features, learn to read seafloor maps, then create a map of Atlantic seafloor features. Unit includes: background essay; teacher instructions; maps and forms for student activity; discussion questions; all online in PDF format. Resources include online version of Smithsonian Ocean Planet exhibition.
Grade Level: Intermediate elementary, Middle school

NJMSC Beach Profiling
Waves, wind and currents shape the beach, redistributing tons of sand each day. Students measure the beach profile, from dunes to water line, using simple materials and a field method that simulates the way marine scientists and coastal geologists study beaches. Lesson plan includes background, vocabulary and definitions, procedures, data sheet with diagrams, detailed instructions and formula for calculating and graphing results.
Grade Level: Middle school, High school

Earth Exploration Toolbook
The award-winning Earth Exploration Toolbook (EET) provides step-by-step instructions for using Earth science datasets and software tools in educational settings. Follow the "Chapters in EET" link for a large collection of lesson plans and activities that engage students in authentic data analysis, many of which relate to ocean science. For middle school, high school, and beyond.
Grade Level: Middle school,High school,Undergraduate lower division,Undergraduate upper division,Graduate or professional

Dune Book
This comprehensive booklet from North Carolina Sea Grant explains what sand dunes are and how they work, their zonation, plant species and ecology. Provides information on dune erosion, vegetation types, planting and management practices. Also covers beaches, waves and shoreline processes that affect dunes, as well as human interactions. Includes good line illustrations.
Grade Level: General public, Middle school, High school, Undergraduate lower division, Undergraduate upper division

NOS Geodesy Discovery Kits
Defines geodesy and introduces the National Geodetic Survey. View a tutorial on the history, elements and modern methods of geodesy. Applications of mapping are illustrated: determining land boundaries and shorelines; improving transportation and navigation safety. Lesson plans include tutorials, data for classroom mapping activities, resource links and teacher guides. A NSTA SciLinks selected site.
Grade Level: Middle school, High school

NeMO Cruises: A seafloor observatory at an active underwater volcano
Examine the relationships between volcanic events and the chemistry and biology of hydrothermal vents on the undersea volcano Axial: daily expedition logs, curriculum materials that seek to solve an underwater mystery, photographs and fly-through video. Site also features highly-interactive dives to the seafloor (requires free Shockwave plugin).
Grade Level: High school


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